Mountains in England & Wales starting with P
Pen Llithrig y Wrach
Pen Llithrig y Wrach (2500ft+) , in the Snowdonia National Park (Wales), is a relatively low and rounded hill overshadowed by its neighbours the Carneddau, hence it is less frequently visited.

Pen Llithrig y Wrach forms a single long and broad structure running NE to SW along the W side of Llyn Cowlyd Reservoir, above which its SE slopes rise steeply to culminate in crags with the summit close to their edge. Its lower NW slopes overlooking Cwm Eigiau are also craggy. From the summit a short broad ridge descends gently NW then turns W and down to Bwlch y Tri Marchog (c.615m), the col with Pen yr Helgi Du (833m) leading to Carnedd Llewelyn (3000ft+) .

Pen Llithrig y Wrach can be approached from Llyn Eigiau Reservoir to the N; or its southern end can be approached by a boggy track from Tal-y-waun farm in the Llugwy valley.

Pen y Fan
Pen y Fan (2500ft+) is the highest of the Brecon Beacons (Wales). It is the central top of a group of 3, the neighbours being Corn Du (873m) 600m to the WSW, and Cribyn (795m) 1.3km to the E.

These 3 tops are of similar appearance, having flattened summits and N-facing cliffs of subtly shaded horizontal stratified sandstone. Ridges with tracks extend NNE from Pen y Fan (Cefn Cwm Llwch) and Cribyn (Bryn Teg) making possible a circular walk over these 2 from the minor roads to the N; and a ridge NW from Corn Du permits a similar circular walk over Corn Du and Pen y Fan.

The main ridge from Corn Du runs SW turning SE with crags to the E overlooking Gwaun Taf, the head of the Taf-Fechan river valley which runs S to Merthyr Tydfil. The main ridge from Cribyn runs SE over a col at 599m where a vehicular track crosses the ridge. The ridge continues E to Fan y Big (710m) then curves round Cwm Oergwm to Waun Rydd (2500ft+) .

It is thus possible starting from the Taf-Fechan forest area and using the vehicular track to the 599m col, to traverse the 3 tops of the Pen y Fan group and circuit Gwaun Taf. In a longer outing from the same start a second 2500+ mountain (Waun Rydd) can be included.

Cadair Idris (2500ft+) is the most southern mountain in the Snowdonia National Park (Wales). This is a complex structure of craggy ridges which approximate to a letter H on its side: Two roughly E-W ridges being joined in the centre by Craig Cau which forms the head wall of Cwm Cau.

The northern E-W ridge has Penygadair, the highest point of the mountain, near its centre; and most of the ridge E of Penygadair is precipitous and craggy. Cwm Cau, with its Llyn, is also encircled by crags. From Penygadair the ridge runs 1.7 km ENE to Mynydd Moel (863m) then continues a further 2 km SE turning NE to Gau Graig (683m). In the opposite direction the main ridge runs WSW turning NW to Cyfrwy (811m), with precipitous cliffs to the N. The ridge then continues W then SW a further 5km to Craig-y-llyn (622m). The southern E-W ridge is only 3 km in length and centres on Craig Cwm Amarch (791m), which is linked to Penygadair by a N-S ridge over a col at 710m contour above the E-facing precipice of Craig Cau.

Cadair Idris can be ascended from Dolgellau to the N, either directly by the steep and scrambly ‘Foxes Path’ which finds a weakness through the N-facing crags, or a popular more easily graded path via Cyfrwy and the SW ridge. The most scenic ascent however is from the Idris Estate gates to the S, via Llyn Y Cau and Craig Cwm Amarch.

Pillar (2500ft+) , in the Lake District (England), is named after the Pillar Rock, a rock-climbing feature of the N crags. It forms a main ridge which begins in the ESE at the Black Sail Pass (544m) (the col with Kirk Fell, qv), ascends WNW 2km to the summit, then continues NW down to Ennerdale Forest. A minor ridge SW links with Scoat Fell at the Wind Gap col (755m). The southern slopes are scree with craggy outcrops, and the northern slopes are steep and craggy, but the ridge itself is broad and without difficulties.

The circuit of Mosedale (upper Wasdale) from Black Sail Pass, and including Scoat Fell and Red Pike, makes an excellent ridge walk which can be shortened if necessary by descending into Mosedale from Wind Gap.

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