Mountains in England & Wales starting with C
Cadair Berwyn
Cadair Berwyn (2500ft+) is located SW of Llangollen and E of Bala, an area of largely crag-free rolling upland outside the Snowdonia National Park (Wales) and on the watershed between the rivers Dee (to N and W) and Severn (S).

The summit is shown on maps only as an 830m contour, 350m SSW of the trig point. S of the summit is Moel Sych (827m), from where a track descends S to Tan-y-pistyll in the Rhaeadr valley. From the trig point the main ridge continues NNE for 1 km then divides: its N branch descends to a col then rises again to Cadair Bronwen (784m), whereas its E branch, the Dee/Severn watershed, descends to another col then rises to Tomple (742m) and continues a further 4 km over Foel Wen (691m) and Mynydd Tarw (681m) to Rhos (619m). Along the ridge, from Moel Sych almost to the high pass of Bwlch Maen Gwynedd there are crags E of and just below the ridge.

From the summit another ridge runs SE over the minor rise of Moel yr Ewig and continues as a broad and almost level plateau 2.6 km SE to Godor (697m), from where a descent can be made E to Cwm Maen Gwynedd.

Carnedd Dafydd
Carnedd Dafydd (3000ft+) , one of the more northern peaks in the Snowdonia National Park (Wales), lies SW of its sister peak Carnedd Llewelyn (3000ft+) and NE of Snowdon. Its NNE slopes are craggy and fall precipitously into Cwm Glas, the upper reaches of the Afon Llafar valley; whereas its SSE and WNW slopes are grassy and stony.

Carnedd Dafydd has 3 symmetrically-placed ridges. The E ridge turns NE to Bwlch Cyfryw-drum, the col with Carnedd Llewelyn. The NNW ridge walls in the southern side of the Llafar valley. The SW ridge runs 1.5km to the subsidiary top Pen yr Ole Wen then descends steeply to the W end of Llyn Ogwen. An E ridge from Pen yr Ole Wen provides a gentler descent route S of Ffynnon Lloer thence down the S slopes to Llyn Ogwen. It is usual to combine the traverse of both Carneddau into a single round walk from the A5 road E of Llyn Ogwen.

Carnedd Llewelyn
Carnedd Llewelyn (3000ft+) is a cruciform mountain with 4 distinct ridges NNE, E, S and NW, and lies at the hub of an extensive group of hills in the Snowdonia National Park (Wales). It has a rounded stony summit which lies close to crags falling steeply on its NE side to a small tarn, Ffynnon Llyffant.

To the S a broad ridge turning SW drops to Bwlch Cyfryw-drum (933m), the col with Carnedd Dafydd (3000ft+) . The NW ridge, with crags on its NE side, extends 1.5km to the shapely pyramid of Yr Elen (962m) which has crags especially N and W. The E ridge, turning SSE, has crags on its N then E sides, and forms an arête at Bwlch Eryl Farchog before rising to Pen yr Helgi Ddu (833m, a distance of 2km), thence continuing S to the valley bottom near Helyg. The E ridge from Pen yr Helgi Ddu drops to Bwlch y Tri Marchog, the col with Pen Llithrig y Wrach (qv.). Finally a broad NNE ridge, initially with crags to E, runs NNE to a plateau area before rising slightly to the broad top of Foel Grach (976m) then on to the 884m col with Garnedd Uchaf, a subsidiary top of Foel-fras (3000ft+) .

The ascent of Carnedd Llewelyn is conveniently coupled with nearby Carnedd Dafydd for a leisurely day outing. It is possible for strong and fit walkers to combine the Carneddau with Pen Llithrig y Wrach (2500ft+) or Foel-fras in a full and strenuous day, bagging 3 mountains without detour.

Cross Fell
Cross Fell (2500ft+) is the highest Pennine (England) Hill and stands on the watershed between the North and Irish Seas. To its E lie the headwaters of the rivers Tees and Tyne, being the largest wilderness area remaining in England and a Nature Reserve; and to the W on a clear day is an extensive panorama across the Eden valley to the mountains of the Lake District.

Cross Fell is a broad, rounded and domed mountain without significant crags, but completely ringed above the 820m contour by a band of rock which has weathered into small boulders and scree. Above this is the vast summit plateau which is trackless. The Pennine Way long distance footpath passes over its summit: a tall narrow cairn marks this path at both its N and S points of entry onto the plateau, and in mist it would be prudent to take a compass bearing for the summit from these.

From Cross Fell the watershed ridge runs SE past Tees Head col to Little Dun Fell (842m) then on to Great Dun Fell whose top is enclosed within the area of a conspicuous radar station. The watershed turns at Cross Fell, the continuation being NE to Garrigill where an old miners vehicular track, now part of the Pennine Way, follows the watershed on its N side up to Greg’s Hut, a bothy 600m NNE of the summit at the 690m contour. From Greg’s Hut a path passes N of Cross Fell then descends W to Kirkland giving good access to Cross Fell from both Cumbrian and Northumberland sides (the intervening ground is trackless moor).

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